Recently, there has been significant attention on reproductive cloning, and it would be essential to address this topic and clear any misunderstandings that could be associated with the topic. Most of us are familiar with Dolly the sheep, which was the first clone. Researchers cloned Dolly in 1996 and have successfully cloned other organisms since (Qu et al.). This experiment’s result indicates that cloning is possible and is an ongoing process.
Although there could be various definitions of reproductive cloning, the base process is the same. Specifically, the process involves deliberately producing genetically indistinguishable individuals (Qu et al.). Researchers clone individuals by creating an organism that has an identical genetic composition to the donor. The process occurs through somatic cell nuclear transfer. The researchers place the newly created embryo in the uterine environment to promote its development. Although we may not compute the advantages of cloning Dolly, it would be necessary to identify its potential impacts on life.
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We cannot deny the downsides of reproductive cloning. Literature reveals that reproductive cloning could alter people’s lives in numerous ways. For instance, cloning humans could affect the law and ethical system by changing the value of humanity and human (Prianto et al. 624). Therefore, we could consider reproductive cloning unethical. Although cloning is essential in reproduction, it eliminates men’s role in reproduction. Some corporations could also employ reproductive cloning for profit without addressing its impacts on the culture and environment (Prianto et al. 624).
Despite the potential negative impacts of reproductive cloning, we should also identify its advantages. For instance, cloning could save species that could otherwise have become extinct (Prianto et al., 623). Researchers also identify reproductive cloning as an effective method of developing new genes to replace damaged genes. In addition to replacing damaged genes, reproductive cloning could allow people to develop new organs.
A closer look at the advantages of reproductive cloning shows that the process could be significant in preserving the ecosystem. Every organism is essential in the ecosystem. If any organism gets extinct, we cannot get them back unless through cloning. Therefore, cloning could be essential in increasing the number of endangered numbers and preventing instability in the ecosystem (Valdez et al. 1).
The ability to repair damaged genes and organs could significantly impact people’s and animal health. These processes are particularly essential, considering that healthcare professionals may fail to find solutions to these problems unless through cloning. Therefore, cloning presents opportunities that pharmaceuticals may not.
Lastly, reproductive cloning could help produce healthy livestock. Health in animals is essential to the farmer. For instance, healthy livestock may not need antibiotics and growth hormones to enhance their health. In addition, to increase profits for the farmer, healthy meat would benefit the consumers since they would receive more healthy and safe meat (Kashim et al. 2996).
Therefore, the cloning process is a controversial subject but presents advantages and disadvantages. As people advance cloning, they could repair damaged genes, produce better animals, and prevent organisms from becoming extinct. On the other hand, cloning presents significant ethical problems. These problems include reducing the value of humanity. It could also reduce men’s value in reproduction. After reviewing these advantages and disadvantages, it is evident that cloning can save the ecosystem and open doors for better animal produce and higher profits. Therefore, we should listen to the cloning advocates and consider the impacts this process could have on human and animal life.
Kashim, M. I. A. M., Hasim, N. A., Zin, D. M. M., Amin, L., Mokhtar, M. H., Shahimi, S., & Mutalib, S. A. (2021). Animal cloning and consumption of its by-products: A scientific and Islamic perspectives. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 28(5), 2995-3000. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8117031/pdf/main.pdf
Prianto, Yuwono, et al. “Ethical Aspects and Laws of Reproduction Cloning in Humans.” Tarumanagara International Conference on the Applications of Social Sciences and Humanities (TICASH 2019). Atlantis Press, 2020. https://lintar.untar.ac.id/repository/penelitian/buktipenelitian_10288001_3A220636.pdf
Qu, Pengxiang, et al. “Insights into the roles of sperm in animal cloning.” Stem Cell Research & Therapy 11.1 (2020): 1-10. https://stemcellres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13287-020-01599-6
Valdez, Rene X., et al. “Anticipating risks, governance needs, and public perceptions of de-extinction.” Journal of Responsible Innovation 6.2 (2019). https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23299460.2019.1591145