Climate change is a pertinent issue in the world. Researchers argue that the issue affects lives and might affect future generations if not addressed in time. Humans are concerned with the life and sustainability of the environment. There have been increased instances of natural disasters resulting from climate change. Research is necessary to identify the causes and effects of climate change. The study will be critical to understanding human actions and how they contribute to climate change. In addition, there is a need to understand the different recommendations to address the issue. An example is identifying the different national and international laws regulating climate change and their effectiveness. The information will be critical in ensuring a sustainable environment for humans and other organisms.

Introduction and background

People considered climate change an issue of the distant future, but it is evident that it is firmly grounded in current times. There have been worries that the environment is becoming unsustainable, and climate change affects human lives. The atmospheric temperatures keep rising every day, and the sea level is no longer as predictable as it used to be (Rosso Grossman, 2018). The oceans are becoming more acidic, and extreme weathers lead to the loss of lives and property now and then. There is no convincing explanation for climate change other than human activities on the planet. The longer-term shifts in temperatures and weather patterns are getting out of control, and urgent actions need to be implemented to control the climate and ensure the planet’s security.

This study is necessary to investigate the causes of climate change and why it is becoming challenging to address the issue. Human beings are known to unite and fight potential threats to humanity and the universe. One would expect the same efforts in addressing climatic change. However, there is a lack of comprehensive legislation to address climate change (Rosso Grossman, 2018). It is necessary to understand why the implemented measures are not addressing the issue and why we have to keep discussing climate change often. The study will, for example, identify whether there is an issue with international legislation and cooperation.

Human life depends on the sustainability of the environment. Extreme weather changes lead to catastrophic results that human beings cannot control. However, humans can prevent the situation by engaging in activities that limit climate change. The study aims to investigate the practices that can address the current climate situation in the world and ensure safety for the current and future generations. The study will, for example, identify why global temperature has continued to rise and identify specific measures that can address the situation.

Justification for Conducting the Study

It is necessary to conduct this research to identify and solve one of the global concerns. Climate change affects the sustainability of the environment. The research will enlighten the reader on the dangers of climate change and help people human activities and how to limit these activities. In addition, the research is essential in helping one identify the different national and international policies about climate change. Gaining an understanding of the adverse effects of climate change is critical to developing practical alternatives to the harmful human activities on the environment.

Research Aims and Objectives

Climate change is one of the primary global problems that need urgent addressing. This research aims to identify the major causes of climate change and why there are insufficient efforts to address these causes. The objective is to identify the responsible parties and examine the direct effects of their activities on the climate. This activity will be critical to understanding the root cause of climate change and suggesting the possible measures to address these effects.

Various studies suggest that human activities on the planet are the causes of climate change (Klingelhöfer et al., 2020). The research aims to identify the relationship between these activities and climate change. Understanding the direct effects of human activities and how climate change affects the world is necessary. One notes that human beings are not the only ones affected by climate change. Plants and other organisms are at risk, and identifying the nature of the risk will be the ob ejective of the study.

The other aim of the research is to identify the challenges facing human beings in the fight against climate change. The issue has been persistent, and there is a need to understand why the different campaigns against climate change have not been effective in addressing the issue (Solomon et al., 2010). The objective here is to identify the nature of the challenges and why the challenges are becoming hard to address.

Another objective of the study is to make recommendations based on the findings. An example is relating the ineffective legislation to climate change and suggesting a remedy for addressing the ineffective legislation. In 2018, there were over three hundred tragedies linked to climate change in the world (Fawzy et al., 2020). The research will examine possible solutions to address such incidents and restore climate normalcy. 


  • Identify the responsible parties and examine the direct effects of their activities on the climate
  • Identify the nature of the challenges and why the challenges are becoming hard to address
  • Examine possible solutions to address such incidents and restore climate normalcy
  • Understanding the direct effects of human activities and how climate change affects the world

Research Approach/methods

The researcher will use three primary methods to conduct this study. These approaches are literature review, use of focus groups, and surveys. The literature review is a perfect methodology and will involve assessing the different studies conducted on the research question and identifying the most relevant answers to the question (Snyder, 2019). The researcher will search in the online library to find materials published within the last ten years. These materials must be peer-reviewed, and they should touch on climate change, its causes, and its effects. In addition, the literature review will involve assessing the textbook in the school library to identify contents that answer the research question. These results obtained through the literature review will be complemented by surveys and feedback from the focus group.

There will be the use of surveys to identify the specific actions the government and no governmental organizations have taken to address climate change. Surveys are critical in getting information from the people involved and understanding the challenges they face. A questionnaire, for example, will be essential in getting the opinions of the stakeholders, while interviews will help understand the issue and make practical recommendations (Roopa & Rani, 2012). The information obtained from surveys will be used to develop a comprehensive response to the research question.

The researcher will involve a group of six colleagues to help me understand the issue and develop a practical approach to the conclusion. Focus groups are critical in helping one gain an in-depth understanding of social issues (O.Nyumba et al., 2018). The people the researcher will use in the research will have diverse knowledge about the issue, and they must come from different parts of the country. In addition, the researcher will keep in touch with distant colleagues who live abroad to help me understand the measures undertaken in their respective countries to address climate change.

Expected Contribution

By the end of the study, the researcher aims to have understood the relationship between peoples’ activities and climate change. Most people believe that humans are to blame for the extreme weather changes. The researcher aims to have proved whether this assumption is true or false. In addition, the researcher will have understood other factors that have contributed to climate change and whether humans are entirely to blame for the change. This information will be critical to helping me develop recommendations that will touch on the people’s activities. In addition, the researcher will have understood the relationship between climate change and natural disasters.

The researcher aims to understand why there has been inefficient legislation to address climate change. Most countries have continued to experience natural disasters resulting from extreme weather changes. These changes result from climate changes (Berglez & Al-Saqaf, 2020). One would wonder why governments worldwide are doing less to address these situations even though the threats are clear. There is a possibility that the issue is beyond human control and people have to live with it. However, this statement raises questions about the future of the universe, and the research will help me understand whether humans can still address the situation entirely.

The researcher also aims to understand the specific effects of climate change on the universe. This understanding will be critical to help me recommend the best response to the changes. For example, people can be evacuated from areas that are likely to experience extreme weather changes. However, this recommendation will depend on the effects of climate change in the area. The researcher also aims to understand whether there can be alternatives to the activities leading to climate change. The research will also help me understand the future of the universe if nothing is done to address the issue.

Another expected achievement of this study is to shed light on some of the realistic approaches that individuals, institutions, and the world can adopt to tackle the damages associated with climate change. For years, climate change has been a worrying phenomenon that has prompted debates on the possible interventions that can help curb this menace. This discussion is ongoing; hence, the study will examine some of the proposed solutions and find out how they can be useful in saving both the human population and other constituents of planet earth. Having the information on possible ways of dealing with climate change can play an immense role in saving the earth from destructive activities such as global warming and other detrimental consequences that result from the prolonged changes in the climatic conditions.

Activity Plan

The activity plan is distributed across twelve months. Every activity is critical to complement the other, and the goal of the activity plan is to address the research question comprehensively. The literature review will be conducted during the first month to identify the already known information. The process will help me concentrate on the unexplored sections and develop new ideas that can be used to address climate change. The survey section will require time to develop the questionnaire and contact the respondents. The process will take longer because informed consent of the respondents needs to be obtained prior to getting their feedback. The last four months will be used to obtain feedback from the focus group and compile the findings.

ActivityStart DateEnd DateNo. of Days
Literature Review1st June30th June30
Designing Questionnaires1st July31st July31
Identifying the Sample Population1st August31st August31
Identifying the Focus group and setting goals1st Sep30th Sep30
Administering the Questionnaires1st Oct31st Oct31
Conducting Interviews1st Nov30th Nov30
Compiling the Feedback1st Dec31st Dec31
Remunerating the Respondents1st Jan31st Jan31
Integrating the Findings from the Different Methods1st February28th February28
Analyzing the Feedback from the Focus Group1st March31st March31
Identifying and compiling the Research Findings1st April30th April30
Conclusions and Recommendations1st May31st May31



Berglez, P., & Al-Saqaf, W. (2020). Extreme weather and climate change: social media results, 2008–2017. Environmental Hazards, 20(4), 382-399. https://doi.org/10.1080/17477891.2020.1829532

Paperhelp Review

Fawzy, S., Osman, A., Doran, J., & Rooney, D. (2020). Strategies for mitigation of climate change: a review. Environmental Chemistry Letters, 18(6), 2069-2094. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10311-020-01059-w

Klingelhöfer, D., Müller, R., Braun, M., Brüggmann, D., & Groneberg, D. (2020). Climate change: Does international research fulfill global demands and necessities?. Environmental Sciences Europe, 32(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12302-020-00419-1

O.Nyumba, T., Wilson, K., Derrick, C., & Mukherjee, N. (2018). The use of focus group discussion methodology: Insights from two decades of application in conservation. Methods In Ecology And Evolution, 9(1), 20-32. https://doi.org/10.1111/2041-210x.12860

Roopa, S., & Rani, M. (2012). Questionnaire Designing for a Survey. The Journal Of Indian Orthodontic Society, 46, 273-277. https://doi.org/10.5005/jp-journals-10021-1104

Rosso Grossman, M. (2018). Climate Change and the Individual. The American Journal Of Comparative Law, 66(suppl_1), 345-378. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcl/avy018

Snyder, H. (2019). Literature review as a research methodology: An overview and guidelines. Journal Of Business Research, 104, 333-339. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2019.07.039

Solomon, S., Daniel, J., Sanford, T., Murphy, D., Plattner, G., Knutti, R., & Friedlingstein, P. (2010). Persistence of climate changes due to a range of greenhouse gases. Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences, 107(43), 18354-18359. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1006282107